Web Hosting Flavors: The Famous 4 - Co-location
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What is it?: "Ownership." Colocation is all about placing something that you own (a server of your choice in this context) at a place where it can be hooked up to the Internet. (For example, with an ISP or at a data center (DC) multi-homed to the backbones.)
Pros: Ownership of the physical server. Also, it offers mobility. To switch providers, simply move the server to a different place; there's no hassles with backups and restores.
Cons: Resposibility and accountability. In the case of colocated hosting, the provider is not responsible and cannot be accountable for any hardware failures. Server administration is the responsibility of the customer, and everything has a price.
For Whom?: Right choice for power and resource hungry sites requiring custom hardware or software configurations, clustering and load-balancing and other advanced functionality.
All other kinds of hosting simply differ in the way the above four flavors and mixed and matched to market and sell.
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